When you sign-up with one of these tracking services, you get a piece of code typically called the tracking code. Then you have to install that in all the web pages you wish you track. In the case of Blogger blogs, an HTML/Javacript widget can be used to embed this tracking code to your blog. As Blogger widgets load up on all blog pages (unless you limit them to specific pages), that way you can easily track your entire blog, even the posts that you write in the future. Given below is the tracking code for this blog provided from Site Meter.
<a href="http://s44.sitemeter.com/stats.asp?site=s44idssl" target="_top">
<img src="http://s44.sitemeter.com/meter.asp?site=s44idssl" alt="Site Meter" border="0"/></a>
<!-- Copyright (c)2006 Site Meter -->
Note that all this data are sent in a single line. The line breaks are added for clarity. The request shown above is sent to a web page called meter.asp, located at http://s44.sitemeter.com. The &refer parameter says that the visitor has reached from a link via a Google Groups page. An application running on the tracking service's web server will extract the data sent via the request and will populate their database. It is this data that you see in various summarized forms when you later login to see the visitor statics.
Another common requirement of bloggers/webmasters is to exclude their own visits to the blogs/sites maintained by them. Chances are that you will visit your blog many times a day and you don't want them counted as actual visits. Most tracking services offer a simple cookie-based method of achieving that. For instance, in Site Meter's, the ignore visits option in the manager section offers a simple one click method of excluding own visits. Feedjit also has a similar simple method. However, it is not that simple in certain services (e.g. Google Analytics). (See this article to learn how to exclude your visits from Google Analytics)